CANADIAN SHIELD NO.2

Jacklyn, Elizabeth, & Chris.
Social Studies 9
Block B


The Canadian Shield or Laurentian Plateau makes up more than half of Canada and stretches from the Great Lakes to the Arctic Ocean. The Canadian Shield covers 8,000,000 km2 of land. [ Labrador, most of Quebec north of the St. Lawrence River, much of Ontario, central/northern Manitoba, northern Saskatchewan, a small part of north/eastern Alberta, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, most of Greenland, and part of the northern United States (Wisconsin, Michigan, eastern Minnesota )]


Canadian_Shield_2.jpg
Candian shield

Topography


The Canadian Shield is the oldest area of North America's crustal plate and has fossils of bacteria and elgea over 2 billion years old. It was also the first part of North America to be permanently elevated above sea level ( now, is a plateau ranging from 305 - 610 meters above sea level and in Labrador and Baffin Island is over 1500 meters) and is the Earth's greatest area of exposed Precambrian rock, which is made up of igneous and metamorphic rock that is 500 million years old. 1.6 million to 10 000 years ago this area was subject to rising and falling, folding and the reoccuring advance and retreat of ice sheets which happened to have caused a depression around the shield creating the Hudson Bay area and the carving of many lakes. The general terrain is hilly and ruggedThere are also a lot of mountain ranges here: the Adirondack (northeastern New York state), Superior Highlands (northern Minnesota, Wisconsin & Michigan states), Torngat and Laurentian.






vegetation_picture.jpg
The Vegetation in the Canadian shield.




Vegetation

As for trees, the Canadian Shield is mostly coniferous forests. In the south, the trees are denser and as you move up north, they become more spread until you reach the tundra area with little forest.
- Birch trees
- Aspen trees
- Tamarack trees
- Black and White Spruce trees
- Willow trees
- Hemlock trees
- Pine trees
- Balsam trees
- Fir tree


CLIMATE:
Southern Area…
Climate is seasonal, the average temperature in the winter is -4 degrees F (-18 degrees C). The average temperature in the summer is 77 degrees F (25degrees C). Summer daylight average is around 15 hours, whereas the winter daylight average is about 8.5 hours.
Northern Area…
Climate is very cold. The average temperature range is from 59 degrees F
(15 degrees C) in the summer. And the average temperature in the winter
Is -31 degrees F (-35 degrees C). Winter daylight average is about 5.5
hours, whereas the summer daylight average is around 18.5 hours


Yellowknife-Climograph.jpg
The climate of Yellowknife,Northwest Territories

Climograph1.jpg
The climate of churchill,Manitobia





Resources
The resoures in the canadian shield area is lumber, mineral ores animals and more. The minerals in the canadian shield are nickel gold, silver, copper, iron, zinc, uranium, platinum, and molybdenum. In the northern part of the canadian shield they found diamonds. There are a lot of minning towns in the canadian shield. One of the most known place is in Sudbury Ontario. The lumber industry. The canadian shield has a lot of boreal forest.


pic-rough-diamonds.jpg
Rough Diamonds
native_american_gold.jpg
Gold Ore




Important Cities:

Sudbury, Ottawa, Montreal, Quebec, Iqaluit, Thunder Bay, and Winnipeg.
( Toronto is not a part of the Canadian Shield, it is part of the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands region. )

Thunder Bay, Ontario
Thunder Bay, Ontario



Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Ontario
Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Ontario



The Big Nickel on the grounds of the Dynamic Earth interactive science museum in Sudbury, Ontario
The Big Nickel on the grounds of the Dynamic Earth interactive science museum in Sudbury, Ontario



Chateau Frontenac Hotel in Quebec City, Quebec
Chateau Frontenac Hotel in Quebec City, Quebec

http://rpmedia.ask.com/ts?u=/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/Chateaufrontenac-quebec-canada-rs.jpg/400px-Chateaufrontenac-quebec-canada-rs.jpg

Things to do

  • visit smoking hills
  • wiberforce falls


Smoking%20Hills.jpg




Sources
Images
1.Candian shield [Online image] Availble at http://www.handwrote.com/Images/Canadian_Shield_1.jpg
2.Rough diamonds [Online image] Availible at http://www.diamondindia.net/images/pic-rough-diamonds.jpg
3. Gold [Online image] Available at http://www.independentjewellers.net/info/images/GoldNug01.jpg
4. The vegetation in the Canadian shield [Online image] Available at http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/regions/central/pub/ela-rle/images/ela_01.jpg
5.The climate of Churchill,Manitobia [Online image] Available at http://drasticplastic.webs.com/Churchill%20Climograph%20Finished.jpg
6.The climate of Yellowknife,Northwest Territories [Online image] Available at http://ecozone-experts.wikispaces.com/file/view/Yellowknife-Climograph.jpg/125169519/Yellowknife-Climograph.jpg
7. Thunder Bay, Ontario [Online image] Availiable at http://images.wildernessinquiry.org/web/38776_web.jpg

8. The Parliament Buildings, Ottawa, Ontario [Online Image] Availiable at http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3408/3446760792_a565275ece.jpg

9. Sudbury, Ontario [Online Image] Availiable at http://images.dpchallenge.com/images_challenge/0-999/94/800/Copyrighted_Image_Reuse_Prohibited_20252.jp

10. Frontenac Hotel, Quebec City, Quebec [Online Image] Availiable at http://rpmedia.ask.com/ts?u=/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/Chateaufrontenac-quebec-canada-rs.jpg/400px-Chateaufrontenac-quebec-canada-rs.jpg

11. Smoking Hills [Online Image] Availiable at http://brightguy.webs.com/Smoking%20Hills.jpg
Info

http://csern.laurentian.ca/Canadian_Shield.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Shield




Evaluation: (36/50)
  • Represent the region in the following ways: (14/20)
    • Topography
    • Vegetation
    • Climate Good explanation of climate
    • Resources More discussion of what the region has to offer...
    • Important Cities Why are these cities important? What makes each an attraction?
    • Things to Do What else to do???
  • Provide at least one map of your region. (5/5)
  • Find appropriate images that represent various characteristics of your region.(7/10) More images needed to portray specific aspects of the region. Captions included... Good.
    • Make sure images are accompanied by captions.
  • Use climographs of areas in your region and explain how they illustrate the climate conditions. (5/5)
  • Explain how various aspects of the region will influence people visiting this land. (0/5)
  • Cite your Resources using the appropriate format. (5/5)

You need an eye-catching title. Good Intro.